Sawm or Fasting -
The word ‘Sawm’ refers to the obligation for Muslims to fast during the month of Ramadhan, the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar. Muslims do not only abstain from physical things during Ramadan. They are also expected to do their best to avoid evil thoughts and deeds as well. During the days of Ramadan all adult Muslims abstain from the following things during the hours of daylight, from sunrise to sunset:
Eating or drinking of any sort
Any wrongdoing which is prohibited in Islam
There are many reasons for fasting:
First and foremost is the fact that by fasting, Muslims are obeying the commands of Allah.
• Fasting also reminds Muslims to remember the poor and needy who do not have food or provisions. The hunger that is felt during Ramadhan gives Muslims some indication of the suffering of others and acts as persuasion to remember these people and to help them.
• Fasting also helps Muslims to develop their character and faith. Fasting teaches believers self-control helping them to free themselves from the bonds of reliance on set mealtimes. Abstaining from food and drink also helps Muslims to focus on worship, giving them time to reflect on their faith and strengthen it.